In 2009 Geschichtswerkstatt Europa was focussing on ´layers of remembrance´, 28 international teams were analysing the ways in which Europe today remembers its many conflicts. The projects investigated how memories of violence, resistance, opposition, civilian courage and solidarity in the 20th century are layered and overlapped in villages, towns and regions.
Further questions posed were: how are these memories embodied in museums, memorials and other sites? How are patterns of memory shaped and passed down from generation to generation in different cultures? As there are fewer surviving contemporary witnesses of the Second World War, how is the articulation of the past changing?